The High Council of Justice was established following the “White March”, but plans to establish the Council had existed long before that date.

The government and parliament were already aware of the serious breakdown in trust between citizens, the police and the judicial authorities.

Policy-makers have gone far further in their reforms than in any other European country. They have not restricted themselves to establishing a “High Council of the Judiciary” – a concept with a corporatist connotation – but have decided to establish a High Council of Justice, whose members also include members of civil society.

Because of its dual language and socio-professional parity, the High Council of Justice can rightly be described as a democratic forum in which all opinions on the judicial function can be expressed.

In 1998, the High Council’s role was enshrined in article 151 of the Constitution and, in 2000, the newly created Council held its first assembly.